Why Ray Dalio Prefers Gold Over Trendier Assets

Why Ray Dalio prefers gold amid myriad investment options lies in its enduring stability and inflation hedging qualities. This article zeroes in on Dalio’s rationale, explaining how gold’s historical performance and diversification benefits align with his investment principles. We’ll unpack the truths behind the headlines, offering a concise look at why gold is a cornerstone in Dalio’s portfolio.

Key Takeaways

Ray Dalio’s Affinity for Gold

Gold bars and coins as investment assets

Ray Dalio’s penchant for gold is grounded in its status as a reliable store of value and its historical significance as a safe-haven asset. With cash’s diminishing purchasing power, Dalio has critiqued cash as a holding, famously stating that ‘cash is trash.’ This viewpoint shapes his investment strategy, favoring assets like gold that can hedge against inflation.

Gold as a Hedge Against Inflation

Gold has consistently been regarded as a proven defense against inflation. As inflation rises, gold tends to increase in value, offsetting the loss in purchasing power caused by inflation. The historical performance of gold is varied during periods of high inflation.

During the early 1980s, despite an average annual inflation of 6.5%, gold experienced a decline. However, there were also periods where gold provided substantial returns, such as a 35% return during some inflationary periods, showcasing its potential as an inflation hedge.

Diversification Benefits

Beyond being a hedge against inflation, gold also aids in mitigating the total risk of a portfolio. It serves as a diversifier, exhibiting low correlation with other assets and reducing portfolio volatility.

The correlation of gold to the S&P Goldman Sachs Commodity Index (GSCI) is 31% over the same period, showing its lower correlation with equity and bond indices compared to returns on other commodities.

Digital Gold: Ray Dalio’s Thoughts on Bitcoin

Comparison between gold and bitcoin as investment options

Although Dalio is an ardent supporter of gold, his perspective on Bitcoin, colloquially deemed ‘digital gold,’ is more complex. In the opinions expressed, Dalio stated that he acknowledges Bitcoin’s potential as an inflation hedge, despite his reservations about its volatility and stability when compared to gold.

He maintains a low investment allocation to Bitcoin, restricting his exposure to the asset’s volatility.

Bitcoin’s Potential as an Inflation Hedge

The limited availability and decentralized structure of Bitcoin have drawn parallels with gold as a protection against inflation. However, Dalio believes that gold has a more stable and proven track record in hedging against inflation.

Bitcoin’s performance during periods of high inflation or economic uncertainty has been strong, indicating its potential as a safeguard against inflation. But Bitcoin is more volatile than gold, a factor that doesn’t significantly diminish its potential as an inflation hedge, but does make Dalio prefer gold due to its stability and historical performance.

Comparing Volatility and Stability

The long-standing history of gold bolsters its steadiness as a store of value. Investors often choose gold as a secure asset during periods of economic instability, and its historical performance clearly shows its capacity to safeguard wealth over extended periods of time.

When compared to Bitcoin, gold typically exhibits lower levels of volatility over the same time frame, making some investors choose gold over bitcoin.

Central Banks and Gold Reserves

Central bank gold reserves

Global central banks possess substantial gold reserves, reinforcing the metal’s significance in the worldwide economy. The Federal Reserve’s gold reserves, valued at $493.4 billion as of September 30, 2020, underscore the financial significance and trust placed in gold within the global economy.

Gold as the Third Highest Reserve Asset

Gold ranks as the third highest reserve asset held by central banks, following dollars and euros, underscoring its significant role in the global financial system. Central banks hold gold as a reserve asset to mitigate risks linked to market volatility and to address currency and geopolitical risks.

The countries with the largest gold reserves are the United States, Germany, and Italy.

Impact of Federal Reserve Rate Hikes

Federal Reserve rate hikes can impact gold prices, but gold remains a crucial part of central bank reserves. There is no substantial correlation between increasing interest rates and decreasing gold prices, indicating that gold retains its position as a significant component of central bank reserves regardless of fluctuations in Federal Reserve rates.

Bridgewater Associates’ Approach to Gold Investment

Diversified investment portfolio including gold

Investor Ray Dalio, a billionaire investor, founded Bridgewater Associates, which employs a distinct approach to investing in gold. The firm views gold as a safeguard for wealth, helping to reduce investment risks and providing valuable investment advice. As someone who “Ray Dalio prefers gold”, Dalio has successfully guided the firm in this direction.

Dalio also conveyed on LinkedIn that adding gold can contribute to portfolio balance as it serves the dual purpose of reducing risk and enhancing returns.

Risk-Reducing and Return-Enhancing Strategies

Bridgewater Associates minimizes risk by expanding its portfolio beyond conventional stocks and directing investments toward physical gold. The firm also improves returns in gold investment by using strategies such as leverage to amplify returns across various asset classes and overseeing the Pure Alpha fund, which aims for high returns while minimizing risk.

Examples of Gold Investments

Bridgewater Associates has made significant investments in gold. The firm has made the following investments in gold:

Other Assets in Ray Dalio’s Portfolio

Diversification with various assets in a portfolio

Beyond gold and Bitcoin, Dalio’s portfolio comprises a broad range of other assets. He incorporates diversification into his investment strategy, including a variety of asset classes in the portfolio, such as stocks, bonds, and other commodities. He stresses the significance of diversifying across 15 or more uncorrelated certain assets to proficiently mitigate risk.

Bonds and Interest Rates

Bonds hold a pivotal position in Dalio’s portfolio. However, Dalio recommends temporarily holding cash instead of investing in bonds, owing to the challenges associated with managing inflation and the potential impact of rising interest rates on bond investments.

Fluctuations in interest rates have an inverse correlation with bond prices, which directly influences the valuation and performance of bonds within Dalio’s investment portfolio.

Stocks and Diversification

Stocks offer both diversification and growth potential within Dalio’s portfolio. He considers stock diversification to be of utmost importance, as it can effectively mitigate risk. Implementing the appropriate diversification strategy has the potential to reduce risk by 70% to 80%.

Currencies: Euro, Japanese Yen, and Dollar

Dalio’s portfolio also embraces a variety of currencies, underlining the significance of diversification. His investment strategy for currencies entails diversifying across different currencies and incorporates practices such as risk parity, currency overlay, portable alpha, and global inflation-indexed bond management.


In summary, Ray Dalio’s affinity for gold is multi-faceted. It stems not only from its historical significance and stability but also from its ability to act as a hedge against inflation and provide diversification benefits in a portfolio. It’s crucial to note that while Dalio recognizes the potential of Bitcoin as an inflation hedge, he still advocates for gold due to its stability and historical performance.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Ray Dalio’s all weather investment strategy?

Ray Dalio’s all-weather investment strategy, outlined in his book, is a diversified approach designed to perform well under different economic conditions, including inflation, deflation, and stagflation. It consists of a mix of stocks, bonds, and commodities.

How is the all weather portfolio performance compared to the S&P 500?

The All Weather Portfolio performance is slightly lower than the S&P 500, with a 4.8% annual return compared to the S&P 500’s 6.3% annual return.

What is the performance of the All Weather Fund?

The Ray Dalio All Weather Portfolio returned -1.34% Year-to-Date and 5.29% annualized return in the last 10 years, indicating its performance.

Why does Ray Dalio prefer gold over other assets?

Ray Dalio prefers gold over other assets because of its reliability as a store of value, its status as the third-highest reserve asset among central banks, and its history of trustworthiness. Additionally, he sees gold as a hedge against inflation and a means to diversify a portfolio.

What is Ray Dalio’s view on Bitcoin?

Ray Dalio acknowledges the potential of Bitcoin as an inflation hedge, but advises caution due to its high volatility compared to gold.