Who Owns the Most Silver Bullion in the US

Curious about who owns the most silver bullion in the US? From heavyweight institutions to private collectors and the federal government, a select few dominate the bullion balances. This article unveils the owners commanding the American silver market, ensuring you understand the magnitude of their holdings without spoiling the finer details ahead.

Key Takeaways

Top Silver Bullion Holders in the US

Various silver bullion products including bars and coins

As a prized precious metal, silver bullion has always been a coveted asset. The top silver bullion holders in the US include private investors, institutional investors, and the US government, each with distinct strategies for holding silver. This diverse mix of stakeholders showcases the multi-faceted appeal of silver as both an investment and a strategic asset.

Private Investors

In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, and with diminished trust in the banking and financial sectors, private investors have increasingly turned their attention to silver bullion and gold bullion. This shift in investor sentiment towards precious metals, coupled with growing industrial demand, has led to a significant increase in silver investments from 5% to over 22% of silver demand by 2013.

Notable private investors in the US, such as the Hunt Brothers and Golden Eagle Coins, contribute to the collective American holding of approximately 1 billion ounces of silver bullion. These investors acquire most silver bullion, including silver coins, from local dealers, pawn shops, or online platforms, selecting from a variety of forms to suit their preferences. Some investors also opt for silver stocks as an alternative to physical silver, demonstrating the diverse ways in which private investors engage with the silver market.

Institutional Investors

Significant amounts of silver bullion are also held by institutional investors, including JP Morgan and iShares SLV ETF. With JP Morgan possessing approximately 50% of the deliverable silver bullion on the COMEX, they have the potential to influence rapid price fluctuations in a manner that aligns with their interests, especially in the silver futures contracts market.

Moreover, JP Morgan has been appointed as the custodian of the iShares SLV ETF, which holds a substantial 338 million ounces of silver bullion, one of the world’s largest silver reserves. The management of this vast silver reserve, being among the world’s largest silver reserves, is overseen by Authorized Participants, who are the exclusive entities permitted to deposit or withdraw physical silver in the SLV London warehouse.

US Government Holdings

A significant stake in the silver bullion market is also held by the US government. Their silver hoard, often consisting of pure silver, is stored at the United States Bullion Depository, also known as Fort Knox, in Kentucky. These strategic reserves are not accessible for public viewing and are primarily used for national defense and preserving the purchasing power of the national currency.

The US government’s history with silver bullion dates back to the late 1800s, when legislation mandated the acquisition of substantial amounts of silver and the issuance of certificates to support their worth. This historical backdrop continues to shape the government’s approach to silver bullion holdings, demonstrating the enduring allure of this precious metal.

The Role of JP Morgan in Silver Bullion Ownership

JP Morgan logo on a blurred background

Managing the largest COMEX warehouse and acting as custodian for the iShares SLV ETF, JP Morgan exerts a pivotal influence over the silver bullion market. Their influence extends across various facets of the silver market, from storage and management to price fluctuations.

COMEX Warehouse Holdings

COMEX Warehouse Holdings by JP Morgan account for nearly 50% of all deliverable silver bullion on the COMEX, demonstrating its substantial influence over the available silver for delivery. The silver bullion is acquired by storing the metal on behalf of banks and their clients, and it can be utilized to settle futures contracts transactions.

The COMEX warehousing operations are structured around a transparent monthly storage charge system, with rates determined by each approved warehouse. During the delivery period of a futures contract, the party responsible for making the delivery can obtain the metal from the COMEX warehouse system, contributing to a smooth and efficient settlement process.

iShares SLV ETF Connection

Providing a convenient and cost-efficient investment option, the iShares SLV ETF, or iShares Silver Trust, offers investors access to the daily price fluctuations of silver bullion. JP Morgan serves as the custodian for this ETF, overseeing the management of the more than 338 million ounces of silver bullion held by the ETF.

As the custodian, JP Morgan is tasked with the responsibility of:

Warren Buffett and Berkshire Hathaway’s Silver Investments

Warren Buffett and Berkshire Hathaway's silver investments

Institutional investors and governmental entities are not the only notable figures in the silver market. Warren Buffett, through his company Berkshire Hathaway, is regarded as one of the most prominent contemporary silver bullion collectors. Between 1997 and 1998, Berkshire Hathaway acquired a significant quantity of silver, totaling 129.7 million ounces of silver bullion.

However, this massive silver investment was short-lived. By early 2006, Berkshire Hathaway had divested their entire silver bullion holdings. Despite the divestment, the magnitude of their initial investment underscores the potential of silver as a valuable asset in the financial market.

The Hunt Brothers’ Silver Saga

The Hunt Brothers' silver bullion purchases

Another significant force in the silver market is the Hunt Brothers, Nelson Bunker Hunt and William Herbert Hunt. As executives in the oil industry, they started acquiring silver in the early 1970s in an effort to protect their wealth from potential devaluations of the US dollar. This strategy was not uncommon among silver mining companies during that time.

Their massive silver bullion purchases, amounting to around 100 million ounces, had a noteworthy influence on the worldwide silver market. By controlling one-third of the global private silver supply, they were able to trigger a substantial surge in silver prices to $49.45 per ounce by January 17, 1980. Their actions led to heightened government supervision and the suspension of silver trading by the Federal Reserve, highlighting the ripple effects large-scale silver investments can have on the wider market.

China’s Growing Influence on the Silver Market

Chinese industrial influence on the silver market

As a global economic powerhouse, China is leaving its mark on the silver market. They’ve been acquiring silver through financial mechanisms like JP Morgan and the COMEX futures exchange, demonstrating the strategic importance of silver in their economic planning.

China’s silver production amounted to around 3.44 thousand metric tons in 2021, adding to their total silver ownership. The accumulated silver not only serves to enhance its export sector but also plays a significant role in China’s manufacturing sector, the world’s largest consumer of silver, accounting for 18% of global fabrication demand.

Industrial Applications Driving Silver Demand

Investors and government holdings are not the sole drivers of silver bullion demand. Industrial applications significantly contribute to silver demand, with the metal’s exceptional electrical conductivity and thermal properties making it indispensable in various industries.

Silver’s role in expanding clean energy technologies, such as the solar energy and electric vehicle sectors, further underscores its industrial importance. As the world strives towards lower-carbon energy solutions, the demand for silver and other metals is set to rise, presenting potential growth opportunities for silver investments.

The Rise of Silver ETFs and Their Impact on Silver Ownership

Silver Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) have proliferated, revolutionizing investor approaches to silver. These ETFs, such as the iShares Silver ETF and iShares Silver Trust SLV, provide a convenient and cost-efficient way for investors to gain exposure to silver without owning physical bullion.

Investing in silver ETFs comes with numerous benefits, including liquidity, cost efficiency, and the absence of risk associated with impurities, maintenance, or storage costs. Moreover, silver ETFs can influence the price of physical silver bullion, holding physical silver or using derivative instruments linked to the silver price.

The Benefits and Risks of Investing in Silver Bullion

There are both benefits and risks attached to investing in silver bullion. The potential growth opportunities are influenced by silver’s increasingly significant role in the economy and ongoing industrial demand. The accumulated deficit of newly refined silver production highlights a strong potential for growth, making silver a valuable asset for investors to consider.

However, potential risks encompass market volatility impacted by economic, inflationary, and geopolitical concerns. Plus, practical considerations such as the challenges and risks associated with obtaining, storing, and insuring a physical asset should not be overlooked. Thus, investing in silver bullion requires careful consideration and thorough market analysis.


In conclusion, the landscape of silver bullion ownership in the US is as rich as it is diverse. From private investors and institutional entities to government holdings and notable figures such as the Hunt Brothers and Warren Buffett, the allure of silver as a precious metal continues to captivate a wide range of stakeholders. With the rising influence of China in the silver market, the increasing industrial demand for silver, and the advent of silver ETFs, the silver market presents both enticing opportunities and noteworthy challenges for potential investors. As we navigate the ever-evolving world of silver bullion, one thing remains clear – the allure of this precious metal is here to stay.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who has most silver bullion?

Peru has the most silver bullion, with 98,000 metric tons in reserves, making it the top country for silver reserves. These reserves have solidified Peru’s position in the growing silver market.

Does Warren Buffett currently own silver?

No, Warren Buffett does not currently own silver. He made his first purchase of silver over 30 years ago, but no entity he manages currently owns it.

Who are the top silver bullion holders in the US?

The top silver bullion holders in the US include private investors, institutional investors, and the US government, each with their own unique reasons for holding silver bullion.

How has China’s influence grown in the silver market?

China’s influence in the silver market has grown through acquisitions via financial mechanisms and increased silver production in 2021, adding to their total ownership. This indicates a significant expansion of China’s presence in the market.

What are the benefits and risks of investing in silver bullion?

Investing in silver bullion offers potential growth opportunities driven by industrial demand and clean energy, but comes with risks such as market volatility and practical challenges in obtaining, storing, and insuring a physical asset.